Introduction

 Abraham Ortelius. Epitome theatri Orteliani… Antwerp : Philippo Gallaeo excudebat Arnoldus Coninx, 1595.
From earliest times, the ancient Greeks thought there had to be a mass of land in the south of the world to balance out the land in the north. This land, Terra Australis, was slowly pared back over the centuries until Captain Cook showed there was no great continent in the Southern Ocean. It was left to others to find the exact extent of the land in the south and to eventually show that the South Pole was on a large area of land surrounded by water, as opposed to the North Pole, in a large area of water surrounded by land.

However, even today with humans able to maintain a year round presence on the continent , and advances in technology such as satellites, Antarctica largely remains the unknown southern land, a place of mystery and astonishment.

Abraham Ortelius. Epitome theatri Orteliani… Antwerp : Philippo Gallaeo excudebat Arnoldus Coninx, 1595.